Smart Buildings: Creating Green Urban Environments by Kas Mohammed, Vice President of Digital Energy at Schneider Electric
Construction companies can’t ignore climate responsibility, and the events of the past year have proved it. Despite the monumental personal, professional and political challenges faced, sustainability has remained a major talking point among the public, and a key differentiator for businesses.
With ‘Greener Buildings’ featured as one section of the UK government’s 10-point plan towards a Green Industrial Revolution, a spotlight will no-doubt be shone on the construction sector, and fines and reputational damage are likely to follow for companies unable to get on-board with this initiative. With the built environment contributing to around 40% of the UK’s total carbon footprint, building developers and professionals clearly have a major part to play.
This pressure has become increasingly noticeable for construction companies and building managers. Customers and legislators are constantly pushing them to design and deliver buildings that enable fast and effective carbon reduction at an efficient cost. This is only possible by building a new generation of smart buildings that place digital technologies and data at their foundation.
Building back smarter
Moving forward, key regulatory policy decisions are expected that will add to the cost of the already highly unprofitable energy consumption of buildings. Conditions in the future – such as CO2 pricing, for example – will create further costs and at the same time result in a rapid fall in the value of energy-inefficient buildings. In the eyes of the building owner or manager, the sooner the building stock is made future-ready, the better.
Regulations will not only effect customers, but also construction companies themselves. Building firms are now required to measure and limit the carbon impact of their projects from a full-lifecycle perspective. The UK Green Building Council (UKGBC) Framework, for example, aims to reduce carbon emissions at all stages of construction work. To comply with this and other standards that are sure to be put in place, construction companies will need to carry out a whole-life carbon assessment of their project to identify areas for improvement and opportunities for carbon reduction.
For the greatest impact, this should be carried out in multiple phases – the first occurring during concept design or at least before technical design work begins. This ensures decarbonisation is considered from the outset and efforts can be carried out in all subsequent stages of the project. A final assessment must then be made at the practical completion stage, giving the constructor the opportunity to measure their carbon impact and see what can be offset to achieve a net-zero construction.
However, a full lifecycle approach to decarbonisation also requires consideration of the building’s operational phase. Constructors have a vital but often overlooked role to play in the whole lifecycle of a building. Traditional buildings rarely have digitally connected systems in place that deliver the information they need to keep track of key information. Managers require insight to make a positive intervention, but that insight depends on real-time continuous data that must be delivered during construction.
Going into the new year, a construction company’s ability to deliver this will be dependent on their adoption of smart-building technology. If we are to truly ‘build back greener’, digital technology and decarbonisation will have to be placed at the centre of every construction phase, from inception to operation. By implementing the latest digitised tools and capabilities now, construction companies will benefit from the facilitation of unprecedented insight and enhanced competitive differentiation.
Making the change
First and foremost, these smart buildings require a layer of Internet of Things-connected devices and sensors embedded at key points of the energy infrastructure. This could include smart circuit-breakers or energy sensors keeping track of energy usage in the building's heating, ventilation and air-conditioning system.
A smart building then needs an open and interoperable operations backbone that connects these devices to the central building-management system. This IP and data backbone is crucial for providing continuous, real-time insight into energy usage. It allows them to monitor, measure and control all data from building and IT systems to ensure energy responsibility and efficiency.
With an unprecedented level of visibility at their fingertips, organisations can identify key areas of wasted energy and eliminate them. Over a period of a few months, they will be able to see which systems are the worst carbon offenders in the mid-to-long term and intervene to cut any waste. This is far less painful and disruptive than undertaking arbitrary carbon-reduction programmes across the company.
However, these digitised buildings aren’t just attractive from an environmental perspective. In the aftermath of interrupted work and potential loss of revenue, the coming years will see businesses streamlining costs and making back losses incurred during the pandemic. Energy efficiency can aid this. Energy and utility costs in buildings are a major cost centre for their owners. Construction companies will therefore have a dual case to make to customers in favour of smart buildings, as they not only save the planet, but also help them to significantly streamline costs.
A greener future
The question of energy efficiency in building stock is finally attracting attention from all of the relevant parties. In addition to sustainability, it’s also about calculably profitable benefits for commercial tenants, building owners, and construction firms alike.
Going forward, sustainability efforts must become more collaborative across the industry to ensure businesses thrive whilst making effective changes. Organisations such as the UKGBC, which Schneider Electric is a member of, offer support to construction companies of all sizes and stages in their move to greener building practices. In the near future, we can expect to see industry-wide cooperation have significant effects on the viability of construction firms in a greener world.
To remain competitive, keep fulfilling customer needs and meet new government and industry expectations, construction firms will depend on the advantages of smart building technology moving into the new year. Carbon reduction throughout the building cycle will be a key consideration for business resiliency and competitiveness. So, successful firms will now start building their structures from the ground up with a digital-first mindset, ensuring their customers can achieve their carbon ambitions with ease.